Oppositional Defiant Disorder
Oppositional defiant disorder (ODD) is characterized by aggressiveness and a tendency to irritate others deliberately. This disease sometimes may not be combined with Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder, but according to some statistics, from 65% to 75% of children with ADHD also have the ODD. Considering these figures, it is difficult to make assumptions about the nature of this conduct problem. Is it truly a separate disease or just a manifestation of the physiological, emotional and other specific features of ADHD?
Oppositional defiant disorder is diagnosed if the child during 6 months constantly demonstrates defiant, aggressive, negativist behavior, and does not obey, do everything in spite, annoy other people just for fun.
Oppositional defiant disorder symptoms
To set this diagnosis to a child, he must demonstrate 4 or more of the following symptoms:
often loses his temper;
often argues with adults;
often disobeys or refuses to comply with requests or rules of adults
often deliberately annoys others
often blames others for his mistakes or misconduct
he is often irritable, or can be easily got hysterical
he is often angry and resentful
this kid is often spiteful or vindictive
Diagnostics and causes of oppositional defiant disorder
Of course, it is not necessary to put the diagnosis by yourself, since outbreaks of aggression may appear in all kids. Children want to do everything on their own, without the help of adults, and these protests are expressed in different ways. The dispute, crying, or hysterical – all these behavior problems are just a form of protest, but if the child responds like that too often, it is quite possible that the specialist will set him this diagnosis.
Early diagnosis and treatment of oppositional defiant disorder may help to restore family relationships and communication with peer and doesn’t let the child to fall behind in development.
- Oppositional defiant disorder on Wikipedia
- Symptoms and treatment of oppositional defiant disorder
Nowadays no one can determine the causes of this disease for sure, some experts say that possible reasons may be in violation of the neurotransmitters of the brain that transmit impulses between nerve cells, others consider family history, tied to genes, and others talk about external factors, the atmosphere and environment of the child at home or in school (kindergarten, college).
There are two another theories of development. One of them says that a child is delayed in his development at 2-3 years, when such behavior is natural, therefore, at a later age he also can’t accept the arguments and get experience. Another theory says that it’s all about education – the parents do not engage the child and show him their love, or they are too strict and do not give their child enough independence.
When should a child be shown to a psychiatrist? How parents and other people may determine his condition? This problem is complicated by the fact that all modern children behave aggressively and have not any sense of respect for elders, so you should not just consider the behavior of one child, but also to explore his environment.
Oppositional defiant disorder and ADHD
One of the issues of the journal “Attention!” published by CHADD (Children and Adults with Attention Deficit Disorder) describes a study which was attended by 600 children aged 7 to 9 years. It showed that 40% of children with ADHD have also oppositional defiant disorder , and 15%, or one in seven, suffered from even more serious behavioral disorders.
In some children, as they grow older, some signs of oppositional defiant disorder disappear, but some patterns of behavior and communication remain for the whole life.